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2019 IRS Payments & 2020 estimates DELAYED - Filing dates not changed

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March 18, 2020

The Treasury Department and the Internal Revenue Service are providing special payment relief to individuals and businesses in response to the COVID-19 Outbreak. The filing deadline for tax returns remains April 15, 2020. The IRS urges taxpayers who are owed a refund to file as quickly as possible. For those who can't file by the April 15, 2020 deadline, the IRS reminds individual taxpayers that everyone is eligible to request a six-month extension to file their return.

This payment relief includes:

Individuals: Income tax payment deadlines for individual returns, with a due date of April 15, 2020, are being automatically extended until July 15, 2020, for up to $1 million of their 2019 tax due. This payment relief applies to all individual returns, including self-employed individuals, and all entities other than C-Corporations, such as trusts or estates. IRS will automatically provide this relief to taxpayers. Taxpayers do not need to file any additional forms or call the IRS to qualify for this relief.

Corporations: For C Corporations, income tax payment deadlines are being automatically extended until July 15, 2020, for up to $10 million of their 2019 tax due.

This relief also includes estimated tax payments for tax year 2020 that are due on April 15, 2020.

Penalties and interest will begin to accrue on any remaining unpaid balances as of July 16, 2020. If you file your tax return or request an extension of time to file by April 15, 2020, you will automatically avoid interest and penalties on the taxes paid by July 15.

The IRS reminds individual taxpayers the easiest and fastest way to request a filing extension is to electronically file Form 4868 through their tax professional, tax software or using the Free File link on IRS.gov. Businesses must file Form 7004.

This relief only applies to federal income tax (including tax on self-employment income) payments otherwise due April 15, 2020, not state tax payments or deposits or payments of any other type of federal tax. Taxpayers also will need to file income tax returns in 42 states plus the District of Columbia. State filing and payment deadlines vary and are not always the same as the federal filing deadline. The IRS urges taxpayers to check with their state tax agencies for those details. More information is available at https://www.taxadmin.org/state-tax-agencies.

CAPITAL LEASE v TRUE LEASE

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There are two kind of leases.

 

Let’s say you “lease” a copier for three years. Sales tax is paid (per Florida lease rules) and at the end of the three years you can buy it for one dollar. That is called a CAPITAL LEASE. It is really just another form of financing. In that case you set up the ASSET and LIABILITY using an imputed interest rate. You bought it so you can depreciate it.

 

The other lease is the one mostly used on vehicles. You pay a monthly “lease” (including Florida sales tax). You have agreed in advance to the option to purchase the vehicle at an agreed upon fair market value at the end of the lease. That is a “TRUE LEASE”. You don’t really have ownership until you purchase it.  In this case you can expense the entire monthly lease payment.  You don't own it.

Mileage Deduction 2020

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The 2020 standard mileage rate for business driving falls to 57.5¢ a mile.

The mileage allowance for medical travel and military moves declines to 17¢ a mile

in 2020. But the charitable driving rate stays put at 14¢ a mile. It’s fixed by law.